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<?php
/**
 * PrivateBin
 *
 * a zero-knowledge paste bin
 *
 * @link      https://github.com/PrivateBin/PrivateBin
 * @copyright 2012 S├ębastien SAUVAGE (sebsauvage.net)
 * @license   https://www.opensource.org/licenses/zlib-license.php The zlib/libpng License
 * @version   1.2.1
 */
namespace PrivateBin;
use Exception;
use PrivateBin\Persistence\ServerSalt;
use PrivateBin\Persistence\TrafficLimiter;
/**
 * Controller
 *
 * Puts it all together.
 */
class Controller
{
    /**
     * version
     *
     * @const string
     */
    const VERSION = '1.2.1';
    /**
     * minimal required PHP version
     *
     * @const string
     */
    const MIN_PHP_VERSION = '5.4.0';
    /**
     * show the same error message if the paste expired or does not exist
     *
     * @const string
     */
    const GENERIC_ERROR = 'Paste does not exist, has expired or has been deleted.';
    /**
     * configuration
     *
     * @access private
     * @var    Configuration
     */
    private $_conf;
    /**
     * error message
     *
     * @access private
     * @var    string
     */
    private $_error = '';
    /**
     * status message
     *
     * @access private
     * @var    string
     */
    private $_status = '';
    /**
     * JSON message
     *
     * @access private
     * @var    string
     */
    private $_json = '';
    /**
     * Factory of instance models
     *
     * @access private
     * @var    model
     */
    private $_model;
    /**
     * request
     *
     * @access private
     * @var    request
     */
    private $_request;
    /**
     * URL base
     *
     * @access private
     * @var    string
     */
    private $_urlBase;
    /**
     * constructor
     *
     * initializes and runs PrivateBin
     *
     * @access public
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public function __construct()
    {
        if (version_compare(PHP_VERSION, self::MIN_PHP_VERSION) < 0) {
            throw new Exception(I18n::_('%s requires php %s or above to work. Sorry.', I18n::_('PrivateBin'), self::MIN_PHP_VERSION), 1);
        }
        if (strlen(PATH) < 0 && substr(PATH, -1) !== DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR) {
            throw new Exception(I18n::_('%s requires the PATH to end in a "%s". Please update the PATH in your index.php.', I18n::_('PrivateBin'), DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR), 5);
        }
        // load config from ini file, initialize required classes
        $this->_init();
        switch ($this->_request->getOperation()) {
            case 'create':
                $this->_create();
                break;
            case 'delete':
                $this->_delete(
                    $this->_request->getParam('pasteid'),
                    $this->_request->getParam('deletetoken')
                );
                break;
            case 'read':
                $this->_read($this->_request->getParam('pasteid'));
                break;
            case 'jsonld':
                $this->_jsonld($this->_request->getParam('jsonld'));
                return;
        }
        // output JSON or HTML
        if ($this->_request->isJsonApiCall()) {
            header('Content-type: ' . Request::MIME_JSON);
            header('Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *');
            header('Access-Control-Allow-Methods: GET, POST, PUT, DELETE');
            header('Access-Control-Allow-Headers: X-Requested-With, Content-Type');
            echo $this->_json;
        } else {
            $this->_view();
        }
    }
    /**
     * initialize PrivateBin
     *
     * @access private
     */
    private function _init()
    {
        $this->_conf    = new Configuration;
        $this->_model   = new Model($this->_conf);
        $this->_request = new Request;
        $this->_urlBase = $this->_request->getRequestUri();
        ServerSalt::setPath($this->_conf->getKey('dir', 'traffic'));
        // set default language
        $lang = $this->_conf->getKey('languagedefault');
        I18n::setLanguageFallback($lang);
        // force default language, if language selection is disabled and a default is set
        if (!$this->_conf->getKey('languageselection') && strlen($lang) == 2) {
            $_COOKIE['lang'] = $lang;
            setcookie('lang', $lang);
        }
    }
    /**
     * Store new paste or comment
     *
     * POST contains one or both:
     * data = json encoded SJCL encrypted text (containing keys: iv,v,iter,ks,ts,mode,adata,cipher,salt,ct)
     * attachment = json encoded SJCL encrypted text (containing keys: iv,v,iter,ks,ts,mode,adata,cipher,salt,ct)
     *
     * All optional data will go to meta information:
     * expire (optional) = expiration delay (never,5min,10min,1hour,1day,1week,1month,1year,burn) (default:never)
     * formatter (optional) = format to display the paste as (plaintext,syntaxhighlighting,markdown) (default:syntaxhighlighting)
     * burnafterreading (optional) = if this paste may only viewed once ? (0/1) (default:0)
     * opendiscusssion (optional) = is the discussion allowed on this paste ? (0/1) (default:0)
     * attachmentname = json encoded SJCL encrypted text (containing keys: iv,v,iter,ks,ts,mode,adata,cipher,salt,ct)
     * nickname (optional) = in discussion, encoded SJCL encrypted text nickname of author of comment (containing keys: iv,v,iter,ks,ts,mode,adata,cipher,salt,ct)
     * parentid (optional) = in discussion, which comment this comment replies to.
     * pasteid (optional) = in discussion, which paste this comment belongs to.
     *
     * @access private
     * @return string
     */
    private function _create()
    {
        // Ensure last paste from visitors IP address was more than configured amount of seconds ago.
        TrafficLimiter::setConfiguration($this->_conf);
        if (!TrafficLimiter::canPass()) {
            return $this->_return_message(
            1, I18n::_(
                'Please wait %d seconds between each post.',
                $this->_conf->getKey('limit', 'traffic')
            )
        );
        }
        $data           = $this->_request->getParam('data');
        $attachment     = $this->_request->getParam('attachment');
        $attachmentname = $this->_request->getParam('attachmentname');
        // Ensure content is not too big.
        $sizelimit = $this->_conf->getKey('sizelimit');
        if (
            strlen($data) + strlen($attachment) + strlen($attachmentname) > $sizelimit
        ) {
            return $this->_return_message(
            1,
            I18n::_(
                'Paste is limited to %s of encrypted data.',
                Filter::formatHumanReadableSize($sizelimit)
            )
        );
        }
        // Ensure attachment did not get lost due to webserver limits or Suhosin
        if (strlen($attachmentname) > 0 && strlen($attachment) == 0) {
            return $this->_return_message(1, 'Attachment missing in data received by server. Please check your webserver or suhosin configuration for maximum POST parameter limitations.');
        }
        // The user posts a comment.
        $pasteid  = $this->_request->getParam('pasteid');
        $parentid = $this->_request->getParam('parentid');
        if (!empty($pasteid) && !empty($parentid)) {
            $paste = $this->_model->getPaste($pasteid);
            if ($paste->exists()) {
                try {
                    $comment = $paste->getComment($parentid);
                    $nickname = $this->_request->getParam('nickname');
                    if (!empty($nickname)) {
                        $comment->setNickname($nickname);
                    }
                    $comment->setData($data);
                    $comment->store();
                } catch (Exception $e) {
                    return $this->_return_message(1, $e->getMessage());
                }
                $this->_return_message(0, $comment->getId());
            } else {
                $this->_return_message(1, 'Invalid data.');
            }
        }
        // The user posts a standard paste.
        else {
            $this->_model->purge();
            $paste = $this->_model->getPaste();
            try {
                $paste->setData($data);
                if (!empty($attachment)) {
                    $paste->setAttachment($attachment);
                    if (!empty($attachmentname)) {
                        $paste->setAttachmentName($attachmentname);
                    }
                }
                $expire = $this->_request->getParam('expire');
                if (!empty($expire)) {
                    $paste->setExpiration($expire);
                }
                $burnafterreading = $this->_request->getParam('burnafterreading');
                if (!empty($burnafterreading)) {
                    $paste->setBurnafterreading($burnafterreading);
                }
                $opendiscussion = $this->_request->getParam('opendiscussion');
                if (!empty($opendiscussion)) {
                    $paste->setOpendiscussion($opendiscussion);
                }
                $formatter = $this->_request->getParam('formatter');
                if (!empty($formatter)) {
                    $paste->setFormatter($formatter);
                }
                $paste->store();
            } catch (Exception $e) {
                return $this->_return_message(1, $e->getMessage());
            }
            $this->_return_message(0, $paste->getId(), array('deletetoken' => $paste->getDeleteToken()));
        }
    }
    /**
     * Delete an existing paste
     *
     * @access private
     * @param  string $dataid
     * @param  string $deletetoken
     */
    private function _delete($dataid, $deletetoken)
    {
        try {
            $paste = $this->_model->getPaste($dataid);
            if ($paste->exists()) {
                // accessing this property ensures that the paste would be
                // deleted if it has already expired
                $burnafterreading = $paste->isBurnafterreading();
                if (
                    ($burnafterreading && $deletetoken == 'burnafterreading') || // either we burn-after it has been read //@TODO: not needed anymore now?
                    Filter::slowEquals($deletetoken, $paste->getDeleteToken()) // or we manually delete it with this secret token
                ) {
                    // Paste exists and deletion token (if required) is valid: Delete the paste.
                    $paste->delete();
                    $this->_status = 'Paste was properly deleted.';
                } else {
                    if (!$burnafterreading && $deletetoken == 'burnafterreading') {
                        $this->_error = 'Paste is not of burn-after-reading type.';
                    } else {
                        $this->_error = 'Wrong deletion token. Paste was not deleted.';
                    }
                }
            } else {
                $this->_error = self::GENERIC_ERROR;
            }
        } catch (Exception $e) {
            $this->_error = $e->getMessage();
        }
        if ($this->_request->isJsonApiCall()) {
            if (strlen($this->_error)) {
                $this->_return_message(1, $this->_error);
            } else {
                $this->_return_message(0, $dataid);
            }
        }
    }
    /**
     * Read an existing paste or comment, only allowed via a JSON API call
     *
     * @access private
     * @param  string $dataid
     */
    private function _read($dataid)
    {
        if (!$this->_request->isJsonApiCall()) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            $paste = $this->_model->getPaste($dataid);
            if ($paste->exists()) {
                $data = $paste->get();
                if (property_exists($data->meta, 'salt')) {
                    unset($data->meta->salt);
                }
                $this->_return_message(0, $dataid, (array) $data);
            } else {
                $this->_return_message(1, self::GENERIC_ERROR);
            }
        } catch (Exception $e) {
            $this->_return_message(1, $e->getMessage());
        }
    }
    /**
     * Display frontend.
     *
     * @access private
     */
    private function _view()
    {
        // set headers to disable caching
        $time = gmdate('D, d M Y H:i:s \G\M\T');
        header('Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, no-transform, must-revalidate');
        header('Pragma: no-cache');
        header('Expires: ' . $time);
        header('Last-Modified: ' . $time);
        header('Vary: Accept');
        header('Content-Security-Policy: ' . $this->_conf->getKey('cspheader'));
        header('X-Xss-Protection: 1; mode=block');
        header('X-Frame-Options: DENY');
        header('X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff');
        // label all the expiration options
        $expire = array();
        foreach ($this->_conf->getSection('expire_options') as $time => $seconds) {
            $expire[$time] = ($seconds == 0) ? I18n::_(ucfirst($time)) : Filter::formatHumanReadableTime($time);
        }
        // translate all the formatter options
        $formatters = array_map('PrivateBin\\I18n::_', $this->_conf->getSection('formatter_options'));
        // set language cookie if that functionality was enabled
        $languageselection = '';
        if ($this->_conf->getKey('languageselection')) {
            $languageselection = I18n::getLanguage();
            setcookie('lang', $languageselection);
        }
        $page = new View;
        $page->assign('NAME', $this->_conf->getKey('name'));
        $page->assign('ERROR', I18n::_($this->_error));
        $page->assign('STATUS', I18n::_($this->_status));
        $page->assign('VERSION', self::VERSION);
        $page->assign('DISCUSSION', $this->_conf->getKey('discussion'));
        $page->assign('OPENDISCUSSION', $this->_conf->getKey('opendiscussion'));
        $page->assign('MARKDOWN', array_key_exists('markdown', $formatters));
        $page->assign('SYNTAXHIGHLIGHTING', array_key_exists('syntaxhighlighting', $formatters));
        $page->assign('SYNTAXHIGHLIGHTINGTHEME', $this->_conf->getKey('syntaxhighlightingtheme'));
        $page->assign('FORMATTER', $formatters);
        $page->assign('FORMATTERDEFAULT', $this->_conf->getKey('defaultformatter'));
        $page->assign('NOTICE', I18n::_($this->_conf->getKey('notice')));
        $page->assign('BURNAFTERREADINGSELECTED', $this->_conf->getKey('burnafterreadingselected'));
        $page->assign('PASSWORD', $this->_conf->getKey('password'));
        $page->assign('FILEUPLOAD', $this->_conf->getKey('fileupload'));
        $page->assign('ZEROBINCOMPATIBILITY', $this->_conf->getKey('zerobincompatibility'));
        $page->assign('LANGUAGESELECTION', $languageselection);
        $page->assign('LANGUAGES', I18n::getLanguageLabels(I18n::getAvailableLanguages()));
        $page->assign('EXPIRE', $expire);
        $page->assign('EXPIREDEFAULT', $this->_conf->getKey('default', 'expire'));
        $page->assign('URLSHORTENER', $this->_conf->getKey('urlshortener'));
        $page->assign('QRCODE', $this->_conf->getKey('qrcode'));
        $page->draw($this->_conf->getKey('template'));
    }
    /**
     * outputs requested JSON-LD context
     *
     * @access private
     * @param string $type
     */
    private function _jsonld($type)
    {
        if (
            $type !== 'paste' && $type !== 'comment' &&
            $type !== 'pastemeta' && $type !== 'commentmeta'
        ) {
            $type = '';
        }
        $content = '{}';
        $file    = PUBLIC_PATH . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . 'js' . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . $type . '.jsonld';
        if (is_readable($file)) {
            $content = str_replace(
                '?jsonld=',
                $this->_urlBase . '?jsonld=',
                file_get_contents($file)
            );
        }
        header('Content-type: application/ld+json');
        header('Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *');
        header('Access-Control-Allow-Methods: GET');
        echo $content;
    }
    /**
     * prepares JSON encoded status message
     *
     * @access private
     * @param  int $status
     * @param  string $message
     * @param  array $other
     */
    private function _return_message($status, $message, $other = array())
    {
        $result = array('status' => $status);
        if ($status) {
            $result['message'] = I18n::_($message);
        } else {
            $result['id']  = $message;
            $result['url'] = $this->_urlBase . '?' . $message;
        }
        $result += $other;
        $this->_json = json_encode($result);
    }
}